Civil War Library

Original Union and Confederate Books, Manuscripts and Photographs

Updated May 31, 2020

Abolitionst Newspapers


The Abolition Intelligencer, founded 1822 by abolitionist John Finely Crowe, Shelby, Kentucky


The Abolitionist, founded 1833 by the American Anti-Slavery Society


The African Observer, subtitled Illustrative of the General Character and Moral and Political Effect of Negro Slavery, Monthly, founded 1826, published between 1827-1828, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


The African Sentinel and Journal of Liberty, founded 1831, Albany, New York, John E. Stewart (African American), publisher


Alton Observer, formerly the St. Louis Observer, founded 1837, Alton, Illinois, editor Elijah Lovejoy, published one year only in 1837


Anti-Slavery Advocate


Anti-Slavery Bugle, Ohio, Marius Robinson, editor


The Colored American, Charles Bennett Ray (African American), editor, owner, published in New York City 1836-1842, owners Samuel Cornish and Phillip Bell, weekly newspaper


The Colored Man’s Journal, founded 1851, anti-slavery newspaper, published by free Blacks in New York City


The Emancipator, originally founded in 1820 by Quaker minister Elihu Embree, re-established in 1833 by Arthur Tappan, edited by Elizur Wright, Jr.


The Free Press, founded 1828, Burlington, Vermont


Freedom’s Journal, New York City, founded by Peter Williams, a free Black man, in 1827, edited by John B. Russwurm and Reverend Samuel Cornish


Genius of Universal Emancipation, Mount Pleasant, Ohio, founded 1821 by Benjamin Lundy (Quaker); newspaper moved to Baltimore (1824), Washington, DC (1830), Illinois (1839); remained in print until 1839


Granite Freeman


Herald of Freedom, founded 1840, Concord, New Hampshire, by free Black abolitionist Peter H. Clark; Parker Pillsbury, editor


Herald of Freedom, founded 1855, Ohio


Human Rights, 1834-1835, Elizur Wright, Jr., editor


The Investigator, founded 1827, Providence, Rhode Island, by Reverend William Goodell


The Liberalist, founded 1828, New Orleans, Louisiana, Milo Mower, publisher


Liberator, founded 1831, William Lloyd Garrison, editor


Manumission Intelligencier, founded 1819 by Charles Osborne and Quaker Elihu Embree, of the Manumission Society of Tennessee; renamed The Emancipator in 1820, sold to abolitionist Benjamin Lundy in 1821, renamed the Genius of Universal Emancipation


Massachusetts Abolitionist, founded 1839, Elizur Wright, editor


Mirror of Liberty, magazine, published by David Ruggles, New York


The National Anti-Slavery Standard, founded June 1840, Parker Pillsbury, editor, newspaper of the American Anti-Slavery Society, operated until April 1870


National Era, of the American and Foreign Anti-Slavery Society


National Enquirer, 1836


The National Philanthropist


The National Watchman, published in Troy, New York, founded 1842 by free Black abolitionist William G. Allen


New York Tribune


North Star, founded December 3, 1847, Frederick Douglass, owner, publisher, Martin Delany, publisher, Rochester, New York


Palladium of Liberty, founded December 27, 1843, Columbus, Ohio, by free Black abolitionist David Jenkins


The Philanthropist, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, established 1836, James G. Birney, publisher


Quarterly Anti-Slave Magazine, 1835-1838


The Ram’s Horn, Thomas van Rensselaer, co-founder, c. 1846-1848


The Rights of All (formerly Freedom’s Journal), founded 1829, by Reverend Samuel E. Cornish


St. Louis Observer, St.  Louis, Missouri, Elijah P. Lovejoy, publisher, founder, 1833, became the Alton Observer, Alton, Illinois


The Slave’s Friend (children magazine), founded by abolitionist Lewis Tappan


True American, founded in 1845, published in Lexington, Kentucky, by Cassius Marcellus Clay.